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The VO BOSS podcast blends solid, actionable business advice with a dose of inspiration for today’s voiceover talent. Each week, host Anne Ganguzza focuses on a specific topic to help you grow your #VO Business. Featuring guest interviews with industry movers & shakers, VO BOSS covers every facet of the voice landscape, from creating your business plan to choosing the best marketing tactics & tools. So tune in, listen up, and learn how to further your VO career!

Jul 18, 2023

Embark on a sonic journey with Anne and audio expert, Gillian Pelkonen, as they explore the world of microphones. From understanding the difference between dynamic, condenser, and ribbon mics, to unraveling the pricing mystery and debunking the 'quality equals cost' myth, your hosts cover it all. Learn what makes a great microphone, how to choose the best one for your unique voice, and how to navigate the complex pricing landscape. Whether you're a seasoned pro or just starting out, this episode is your ticket to achieving your dream sound without breaking the bank.
 
Transcript
 
Anne Ganguzza (00:01.171)
Hey everyone, welcome to the VO Boss podcast. I'm your host, Anne Ganguzza, and I am so excited to bring back once again, very special guest, audio engineer, musician, and all around amazing tech person, Gillian Pelkonen. Hey, Gillian.
 
Gillian (00:18.462)
Hi, so good to be back talking to you and the bosses.
 
Anne Ganguzza (00:24.311)
Yes, I love talking to you because, wait, hang on a second here. I know it's corny, but here. Is this thing on?
 
Gillian (00:33.543)
Oh, it's on. Let me tell you, it is on.
 
Anne Ganguzza (00:39.433)
How do I sound?
 
Gillian (00:41.738)
Honestly, I'm not even saying this because we're on. I think that you sound great and this podcast sounds so great and your audio editor who is listening to this now, you don't need me to tell you, but you're doing a good job. I really like how it sounds because I listen to a lot of stuff and I'm very critical. I'm always like, oh, I don't really like that. But I really like the way VioBoss sounds.
 
Anne Ganguzza (00:45.727)
Ha ha ha!
 
Anne Ganguzza (00:54.953)
Aww.
 
Anne Ganguzza (01:01.676)
Well, I would imagine an audio engineer listening to a podcast. I mean, that's what you do. So I think there's so many contributing factors to what really produces great sound. And I know that we've talked about studios in the past and things that we can do to create great sound. But we haven't really concentrated on
 
Gillian (01:09.523)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (01:20.43)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (01:25.707)
this guy right here because first of all we were always maintaining that you didn't have to have a great mic to sound great. However, I think that it would be really a good topic. Yes, there you go. I think it would be a good time to talk about microphones.
 
Gillian (01:27.17)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (01:33.697)
Mm-hmm. Expensive. Expensive is...
 
Gillian (01:41.694)
It's not really, there's, yeah. Yeah, no, I totally agree. And I always say that great mics come at many different price points and people think, oh, a great mic is the $1,000 mic, is the $1,500 mic, even like the $800 mic. And that's not.
 
always, you know, it's not always true and there is a lot that goes into microphones and I am learning more and more all the time. Realistically, the price point has a lot to do with like how it's made, where it's made, but if you break down what's inside the mic, which I don't know if any like, I don't even know if audio engineers care about this, but like there's the capsules and the transformers and all of those things that are in the mic that are what produce the sound quality that either makes it more expensive or less expensive or sometimes
 
Anne Ganguzza (02:03.241)
Mm.
 
Gillian (02:29.928)
expensive mic has the same inside design as a more expensive one, but it's just like a brand thing or that might not be 100% correct, but it is true that people will take the shell of one type of mic and they can make the insides and kind of scope it out to be similar electronics to a more expensive mic. So I don't know, it's not all about the price point, it's all about what you what you think.
 
Anne Ganguzza (02:35.079)
Mmm.
 
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (02:54.087)
So do I dare ask, have you gone inside the capsule? I mean, have you taken, I mean, is that what you do? Do you go into microphones sometimes to check them out, repair them, just be geekily interested?
 
Gillian (03:08.154)
Sometimes you have to fix... I haven't opened up microphones. I mean a lot of the times like if you're looking at... well you have a you have like a pop filter windscreen on yours because I know you use a 416 and I use a KMS 105
 
Anne Ganguzza (03:22.022)
Mm-mm.
 
I do.
 
Gillian (03:28.83)
which is just my talking mic. I like to use it for vocals. It's one of the only mics I own because I work at so many studios. I can just basically use whatever mics are there. But this one I love for singing, for talking. It's a really good live mic. But it has like an... I wish I could like take it off without disrupting the audio, but I can't. It has like an outer windscreen, like a metal windscreen that a lot of mics have. And if you look, you can actually see the capsule in there.
 
Gillian (03:58.784)
looking at capsules is if you shine a flashlight in you can like really see it. But no, to answer your question in a long-winded way, I haven't taken apart a mic yet. I have been doing a lot of looking at the inside of like outboard gear, like pre-amplifiers and stuff like that, but microphones are on the list for me to look at.
 
Anne Ganguzza (04:18.235)
Well, so because you use so many different types of microphones, I think, in your everyday job being an audio engineer, you're not just working with voiceover artists. You're working with musicians. I'd love to like, can you break it down for the bosses? Like, let's make it easy. Like, what are the different types of microphones? Like, would...
 
Gillian (04:26.274)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (04:32.718)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (04:40.398)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (04:43.908)
a voiceover artist from what I understand that we're not gonna be using the same mics as a musician necessarily. So let's talk about those types of mics, differences in microphones, like from a very bass level.
 
Gillian (04:48.407)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (04:57.09)
Yes, there are basically three different types of microphones and the types are determined a lot by how they work but a lot of what is going on inside of them. So there's dynamic microphones which are never really used for voice, they're used for other things. And then there's condenser mics which are used by voice actors and used a lot for voice and for detailed things. And then there are ribbon mics which are not usually used for speaking voice. So basically as a voice actor all you need to worry about are condenser mics.
 
microphones, but there are other types of microphones that work for other things that you want to be recording. I could go into more detail about them, but I don't know how necessary it is for voice actors. They always say dynamic mics are durable. That's like, I mean, you use certain ones for voice, like a SM57 or SM58, which is like a
 
Anne Ganguzza (05:43.945)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (05:50.046)
you go to a house party or you go to like a live event, someone's going to be using one of those microphones, the joke is like they're $99 and you can throw them off a building and they'll still work. Like they are so durable. They're, they're so, I don't know. It's
 
Anne Ganguzza (05:50.047)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (05:56.952)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (06:01.801)
Ha ha!
 
Gillian (06:05.786)
I think I don't know how to break one without like submerging it in water. And condenser mics are known for being sensitive, which is why we want to use them with our voice because there's so many intricacies in your voice and in your performance that need to be picked up. And ribbon mics, they're ribbons because they have a little metal ribbon on the inside and it's part of how it works. And those are more sensitive mics and use those a lot either on like, I mean, I know we use them a lot for like guitar amps or like horn instruments because you can be really
 
Anne Ganguzza (06:15.071)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (06:35.76)
loud and it like smooths out the signal from my understanding of how I use them and what I know about them.
 
Anne Ganguzza (06:41.199)
Ah, mm-hmm, mm-hmm. And so a voice artist wants to use the condenser mic. And so for our podcast, OK, so I will say in my studio here, I've got a couple of different mics. Now before I purchased my 416, I had a TLM 103, which I also have here in the studio, which I like.
 
Gillian (06:48.706)
condenser microphone. Yeah, TLDR, condenser mic.
 
Gillian (07:03.83)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (07:08.579)
But even before that, I had a Rode NT1 mic. And of course, I went through, I think, the gamut of price ranges. And I think when I started, I mean, goodness, I just admitted the other day on a podcast that when I was streaming live from my living room, my first VO peeps meetups, I used a USB mic that was the Blue Snowball. And from there, I went to a Rode NT. And then I went to an AT2020 too, which I think was...
 
Gillian (07:16.834)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (07:27.618)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (07:37.127)
you know, in terms of expensiveness was not that expensive, but I thought it was a decent mic. And I think at that point, you know, what would you say in terms of the different types of mics? Cause like my TLM 103 was over a thousand dollars, you know, compared to my AT2020, which is like right now, I think you can buy one for $99. What would you say is the biggest difference between those two mics?
 
Gillian (07:40.61)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (07:51.255)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (07:57.659)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (08:06.047)
I mean, without knowing a ton about what goes into either of them, I do kind of, like I said before, I think the price difference does come from parts. And so...
 
Anne Ganguzza (08:10.419)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (08:17.503)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (08:18.162)
I would assume the capsule inside of a Tlm 103 is more expensive than the other one, the electronics. Really upgrading, when we talk about upgrading mics, it does come with a price, but if you think about what the mic is, it's the capsule, everything inside, the electronics working together, higher quality materials will produce a higher quality signal that's recorded into your computer. So, can you get a lower priced mic that sounds good? Yes.
 
Anne Ganguzza (08:32.838)
Mm-hmm
 
Gillian (08:47.956)
of we're degrading the audio quality and listening to it through a phone speaker or out of computer speakers. So having really a really good signal to start with is great but sometimes it's not, basically you can get a signal that sounds good enough to sound professional at those lower price points but I do think it all comes down to.
 
Anne Ganguzza (08:53.927)
Mm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (09:04.255)
Basically you can get a signal that sounds good enough to sound rational.
 
Gillian (09:10.786)
price of materials and sometimes like prestige of brand, at least a little bit, because there are a lot of brands that I know like Warm Audio, Flea Audio, they make remakes of vintage mics, but also they make like remakes of like a U87, which U87s are still sold, which basically all of the remakes is kind of what I was talking about earlier, similar parts to get a similar sound without the brand price point.
 
Anne Ganguzza (09:14.343)
like the Steve Huff brand. Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (09:26.727)
Remakes of like a U87, which is still sold. Which basically all of the remakes is kind of what I was talking about earlier.
 
Anne Ganguzza (09:40.211)
So it's not necessarily, and I know we've talked about this before, so it's not necessary for a voice artist to get good sound by paying more for a microphone.
 
Gillian (09:50.478)
Mm-hmm.
 
Yeah, it's like anything when you're starting out in a business. Like I keep talking about my tech work because it's on my mind. I've been doing it all week. I just bought a soldering iron and I bought a $40 soldering iron and the guy I'm working with has a $200 one, but I don't know how much I'm going to be doing it. I'm just dipping my toes in. I don't have a big budget for something that's not paying me back yet. And so it's kind of like this is my intro thing and it works. We're doing the same work. It works. One day would I want the more expensive one? Maybe. Just to have a higher quality.
 
Anne Ganguzza (10:10.459)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (10:21.807)
Yeah.
 
Gillian (10:23.013)
But you know when you're especially for people who are starting you got to have something to work up to and something to you know get started with because who is starting a voiceover and has a couple thousand dollars to drop on microphones I don't know anybody
 
Anne Ganguzza (10:30.843)
Sure.
 
Anne Ganguzza (10:38.735)
Yeah, that's rare. That's rare. And I do know that it took me, oh gosh, at least 10 years to get my TLM 103, because my Rode NT1, which was a few hundred dollars, did a great job for me for many years, at least six years, in the voiceover industry. And I finally decided, well, you know what? I mean, people talk about the TLM 103, and I
 
Gillian (10:47.464)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (10:57.774)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (11:05.763)
I actually went for that one before I bought my 416, and then I decided that after I got my TLM 103 and I moved to a new studio, I would entertain the 416 because I was also thinking about my 416 for a travel mic. And so I think in terms of microphones, and you were talking about sensitivity before, I know that, you know,
 
Gillian (11:09.806)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (11:23.445)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (11:29.367)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (11:31.803)
I have, you know, sitting outside of the studio, I have a Shure SM7B, which I use because I'm not in my studio, but it's a lot of podcasts, you know, use that mic, podcast hosts use that mic, because it doesn't pick up a lot of external noise and it sounds good kind of no matter what environment you're in. However, the higher the mic price, the higher the sensitivity, it seems. My TLM 103 picks up like, you know, a fly.
 
Gillian (11:36.526)
Mm-hmm.
 
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (11:56.162)
Mmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (12:00.463)
you know, or a breath, like super easily. And my 416 does as well, but I have to be in a particular location, right? It picks up more in the front of the mic versus the TLM 103, which picks up all the way around. So I guess maybe it has to do with, you know, it's something, it's called the cardioid pattern, is that correct?
 
Gillian (12:01.098)
Yeah.
 
Gillian (12:11.104)
Yeah.
 
Gillian (12:22.522)
I know, yeah, yes, we're talking about polar patterns. It's so interesting, I hear you talking and I'm like, I know exactly why you think these things. Because it is interesting, the SM7B is a dynamic microphone actually, but it has a cardioid polar pattern and we use those all the time. I personally don't like the way my voice sounds on it for singing purposes, but a ton of people love it. It's a great studio microphone just in the music recording environment. If you wanna be in the control room,
 
Anne Ganguzza (12:24.819)
Mm-hmm. Yeah.
 
Anne Ganguzza (12:36.638)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (12:50.291)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (12:52.336)
singing with stuff playing back on the speakers. It's a great mic because it's dynamic and because of the pickup pattern, because it doesn't feedback the way if you use the TLM 103 with speakers, just the pickup pattern, it would feedback. Anyway, am I losing everybody? I'm sorry. I'm just nerding out. Basically, what we're talking about is TLM 103. It's actually a large...
 
Anne Ganguzza (12:54.778)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (13:02.419)
Right.
 
Gillian (13:17.154)
I'm pretty sure it's a medium or large diaphragm condenser mic. And so the polar pattern is more wide and the capsule is bigger, so it's more precise and it picks up more sound. The issue that I personally have with the 416 that we can talk about is not everyone has good mic technique with it. And because the pickup pattern of that mic is so precise, I don't know...
 
Anne Ganguzza (13:21.138)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (13:40.999)
Mmm.
 
Gillian (13:46.262)
I don't know exactly what the pickup pattern is of it, but it's definitely cardioid if not like super cardioid, which means the pickup pattern area is even smaller. I find people love that mic because they say, oh, I hear a lot of things that like, once I have this mic, then I'll sound great. And people get a 416, they spend a lot of money on it, and then they're outside the range of where the mic picks up. And then it's like, I can't...
 
Anne Ganguzza (13:52.703)
Mm-hmm. It's smaller. Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (14:11.282)
hear you, you know? So I don't know, technique is a big part of sounding good on a mic too. It's not just about the gear, it's knowing where the mic's picking up and just positioning yourself in that area so that it gets you the best sound.
 
Anne Ganguzza (14:13.444)
Yeah, yeah.
 
Anne Ganguzza (14:26.803)
That makes so much sense. And I know that one of the reasons why I love the 416 for travel is because you end up in environments where it's less than ideal. And so, I mean, you're not like in my studio here, I've got all my acoustic panels, it's built, it's double walled. And so I have a really good environment in which I'm recording. But when I go travel and I'm in a hotel, I don't have this studio. And so...
 
Gillian (14:28.834)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (14:39.587)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (14:49.846)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (14:56.075)
I need something that is not gonna pick up the hum of the air conditioner or the fan that's in the room. And the 416 I found to make a huge difference. And yeah, you're so right about understanding like your mic and how to use it and mic technique because I have to be in a particular place in order to make my voice sound good with the 416, close to the proximity.
 
Gillian (15:02.058)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (15:23.379)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (15:25.347)
versus my TLM 103 where it's not as critical because, but yeah, I couldn't take my TLM 103 to a hotel easily and make it sound as good as I do here in this studio.
 
Gillian (15:30.725)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (15:35.038)
It picks up everything.
 
Gillian (15:39.614)
Yeah, and something interesting about polar patterns when I first learned about them, and you can look it up. There's diagrams that show you basically the shape.
 
of what they look like. I was always thinking, oh, like the pickup pattern, I need to be thinking about what it's picking up. But another big thing about it is thinking about the rejection. Like if it's picking up in a certain way, it's actually rejecting audio from other spaces, which makes everything you're talking about completely true. It's going to reject a lot of the stuff that you don't want in your recordings, which could be a really helpful choice when picking a mic. Like what's your environment like? If you have a noisy studio or if you have a less than ideal situation, then maybe a
 
Anne Ganguzza (15:57.927)
Mmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (16:11.743)
Sure.
 
Gillian (16:16.88)
condenser TLM 103 is going to pick up too much unwanted noise. So there's a lot of things that go into making the decision and just things to think about to help you find the best mic for your voice and your situation, I think.
 
Anne Ganguzza (16:21.467)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (16:31.935)
What would be your recommendations for people starting out? I mean, is there a particular mic that you think would be great, or is there a particular, I guess, methodology in terms of picking out a good mic for your voice? Like, what would you recommend? I mean, there's so many people that post on the forums, and they're like, what should I buy? Like, how do you attack that in terms of selecting a mic for your voice?
 
Gillian (16:51.63)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (16:57.326)
Um, well, I think my situation is different than most because I work at a bunch of recording studios so I, um...
 
When I was picking my favorite mics for my voice, I did what is called a shootout, where you just line up a whole bunch of mics and you record yourself on all of them and then you see which one sounds the best to you. I know you have a bunch of recommendations on your site and on my site I do as well, but I guess without getting into specific, like you should get this mic, you should get that mic. There are a few places I actually, this past weekend I went into New York City, if anyone
 
Anne Ganguzza (17:12.295)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (17:22.975)
Mm-hmm. I do.
 
Gillian (17:36.016)
area, B&H, photo, video, whatever, that technology store has a room and you can go in and there's a technician that sits with you and you can try out all of the microphones. So really like my advice would be to have a chance. I know at music stores too you also have that. If you go to like Sam Ash or Guitar Center, you can totally go and try a few microphones before you buy them and all the ones that we're talking about, the 416, the TLM 103,
 
Anne Ganguzza (17:39.076)
Oh yeah.
 
Anne Ganguzza (17:47.843)
Oh, that's wonderful.
 
Anne Ganguzza (17:53.986)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (18:03.414)
the SM7B, those are all there, because those are very popular microphones. So if you have a chance to try them, great. If you have a friend that has one that you could try it. But also, if you can't do a shootout in person, there's a lot of resources on YouTube of people.
 
Anne Ganguzza (18:05.907)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (18:12.616)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (18:18.626)
testing out different microphones. Sweetwater is one of my favorite resources. They give you so much information and they do recorded mic shootouts so you can hear what they sound like on a voice or on the same voice and maybe just determine what you think sounds good for yourself. And then also be aware of your price range. Sorry, I'm just giving like a bullet point list of advice and maybe look into a company like Warm Audio that has a remake of the U87
 
Anne Ganguzza (18:22.431)
Mm-hmm. Water is one of my favorite resources. Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (18:42.64)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (18:48.64)
for most people's voices but is cheaper than a real U87 to get a similar sound without paying the full price. That'd be my advice to do a combo of all those things.
 
Anne Ganguzza (18:53.053)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (18:59.116)
And also I know that certain companies like Sweetwater, you can buy and they have a great return policy. So it's kind of like try before you buy or, you know, and I think it's just wise for anyone who's trying out a mic. I mean, don't, I wouldn't go on blanket advice from anyone really. I think you still have to, you have to get that mic and it has to be in your environment. I remember
 
Gillian (19:04.246)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (19:15.92)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (19:23.847)
Gosh, a long time ago I went into a studio and I loved the way I sounded on this particular mic and I went and I bought it immediately. And when I put it in my studio, it did not sound the same. And of course that makes a lot of sense because the studio I was in versus the studio that I had at home were completely different. I mean, number one, the studio I was in was a huge studio, had different acoustics than what I had in my room and I just didn't like it as much and I ended up returning it.
 
Gillian (19:47.182)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (19:52.871)
And so I feel like, yes, I have lots of recommendations of like, here, I think this would sound good. But I think you should always try first and put it in your environment and see if you like it. And then always have that option to return it.
 
Gillian (19:59.426)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (20:09.842)
Yeah, I think that's a great point. And Sweetwater too, they have representatives that you can talk to and get on with them and be like, this is my situation. This is my pre-empt that I have. This is what I'm using my mic for. This is what my... and they can give you recommendations as well. And I don't... I've never returned with them, but I do know they have a good return policy. And also, I mean, we've said this in previous episodes, like people...
 
Anne Ganguzza (20:19.827)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (20:32.066)
glamorize the microphone, but really, first off, no one ever asks you what microphone you're using. And as an audio engineer, I don't care what microphone you're using, as long as you sound good. If you sound good, I don't care, I'm happy. And there's so many other things within the chain that we've talked about, the computer, the preamp, all of those things that contribute to how high or low quality your final sound is.
 
Anne Ganguzza (20:34.879)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (20:39.647)
Hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (20:55.139)
Mm-hmm. I do know that there are some studios or some clients that do request a particular mic, but I have a feeling it's if you're trying. Yeah.
 
Gillian (21:04.215)
Really?
 
Anne Ganguzza (21:08.687)
I think what they're trying to do is they're either matching or trying to match like a sound from the mic from before, but it's very rare. It's not, I don't think it's typical. As a matter of fact, in most of the work that I do, nobody ever said to me, you need to have this type of microphone. It's in very rare instances where they say, and maybe in promo or something like that, you need to have a 416 or... But I also feel like...
 
Gillian (21:13.029)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (21:18.143)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (21:26.743)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (21:34.239)
Yeah.
 
Anne Ganguzza (21:37.743)
I could be just saying that. I know I've read that, that it's very infrequent, but it does happen. But for the most part, I've never been requested to have a particular type of mic. As a matter of fact, nobody's ever asked. And so I've just only heard if my mic, or if I didn't sound good, and that had a lot of different factors to it. Wasn't just the microphone that was at play there.
 
Gillian (21:51.212)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (22:00.366)
Mm-hmm. Yeah. I agree. Facts.
 
Anne Ganguzza (22:06.455)
So any other good tips that you have in terms of, I guess, purchasing a mic or for a person just starting out? I mean, in terms of price point, do you think, like, I mean, if a microphone costs $79, do you, you know, is that something that you think is a good price point to start with or is it, you know, what are your thoughts?
 
Gillian (22:30.618)
Yeah, I guess that's a good question. I never think about it like that, but I think um
 
Obviously if you can avoid a USB microphone, I would just because I think we might have talked about this previously or I just talk about All the time basically with a USB microphone. You're paying the price which is usually lower than most for all of the you know a to D conversion Your microphone your preamp all of that in one and then the power source is Coming fully just from like that USB a so everything within that mic is usually lower quality
 
Anne Ganguzza (22:43.067)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (23:04.275)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (23:07.888)
afford to have a preamp and mic even if they're not very expensive. And in my head, not very expensive is like $200. I would say like $200 microphone, $150 microphone, even some that are like $100 and then preamps same sit at like $100, $115, $200. Then that's what I consider inexpensive. And then anything in like the $250 range is like mid.
 
Anne Ganguzza (23:17.467)
Yeah.
 
Anne Ganguzza (23:22.925)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (23:28.818)
Yeah.
 
Gillian (23:37.948)
like 300, 400, 500, I would say that's like higher than all of the like super pro super expensive stuff is usually closer to a thousand dollars. So that's what in my brain what the range is.
 
Anne Ganguzza (23:40.871)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (23:45.81)
Yeah.
 
Anne Ganguzza (23:50.791)
Well, I know that when I'm recommending to a student, and I have a studio gear page, and I know you do too, and it really depends on their budget, number one. I think if they aren't sure that this is a career for them or
 
Gillian (23:59.81)
Mm-hmm.
 
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (24:08.499)
They may not get into it more than a few hours a week, or they're just not sure about it. I say don't invest a ton of money right away. I mean, you can get some really reasonable equipment. And I'm not talking USB. I would never recommend a USB as a mic for you to use for creating audio for your client. It's good for webinars. It's good for maybe some quick.
 
Gillian (24:17.966)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (24:24.366)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (24:31.979)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (24:36.174)
here.
 
Anne Ganguzza (24:37.603)
Auditions, even then I say, oh, try not to because you want to put your best foot forward. So, I mean, but there's some really inexpensive mics that I think sound great as long as you've got a good environment. And audio interfaces, like I would recommend, the AT2020 mic I think is a great mic. The Rode NT1 mic is great. It's not more than a few hundred dollars. And audio interface, we've talked about this before. I love the Steinberg.
 
Gillian (24:44.93)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (24:56.412)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (25:04.392)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (25:05.351)
and I think the Steinberg is a great interface and it's $169. So you're not talking about a large investment and it's something that you can probably resell easily if you decide you don't wanna get into the voiceover. Yeah, absolutely.
 
Gillian (25:09.667)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (25:15.718)
And reuse. I mean, everybody is online now. Zoom meetings, it's just.
 
so much better to have some sort of microphone. And I have, there's one USB mic that I've heard that is actually like, I've been like, oh, what mic is that? Thinking it was, you know, an interface and it was just like a gaming mic, but that was like a $200 USB microphone. So even like, when I was talking about USB microphones, I'm talking about like the $50 ones, the $20 ones that you see on Amazon that it's like, oh, just get this and you'll have a microphone. That's not
 
Anne Ganguzza (25:23.321)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (25:33.299)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (25:36.883)
Mm-hmm. Yeah.
 
Anne Ganguzza (25:45.631)
Mm-hmm, mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (25:49.905)
Yeah.
 
Gillian (25:51.724)
enough quality for professional voiceover, I don't think.
 
Anne Ganguzza (25:56.111)
Agreed, agreed. And I think, you know, going along with, if somebody doesn't have a huge budget and they're just getting into the voiceover industry, I think you have to pay equal attention to your microphone as well as the space that you are recording in because you want that sound, right, that potential audition or that sound to be decent.
 
Gillian (26:13.486)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (26:21.291)
Mm-hmm.
 
Anne Ganguzza (26:21.979)
You know, and to really, again, first impressions are everything. And so I think it's a combination of, you know, a decent mic with a place that's not gonna be, you know, having a ton of echo or, you know, I mean, that's probably the first thing that we do as casting directors is when we get an audition is throw away somebody that has poor quality audio. And the mic is a part of it, you know, the mic is a part of it, so.
 
Gillian (26:27.722)
Mm-hmm.
 
Gillian (26:45.571)
I agree, 100%.
 
Anne Ganguzza (26:51.131)
Absolutely. Well, we could probably talk all day about microphones, but I think this is a great primer on microphones for those bosses that are just starting out. I mean, absolutely. I think, you know, Gillian, I'm sure if you had any other recommendations, can people go to your Studio Gear page? I know VIA Boss has Studio Gear as well. Mm hmm. For for recommendations.
 
Gillian (26:58.315)
Yeah.
 
Gillian (27:14.558)
Yeah, yeah, it's gear recommendations. So you can check it out. And I will say outside of.
 
gear issues and mic issues. My next biggest gripe, which we can do an episode on with voiceover audio that I am like, I wish this was different, is over or incorrect processing. So that's really that starts to be almost worse. So we will leave it there. But just so you know what's in the near future for you guys, I know we're going to have much, much more to talk about.
 
Anne Ganguzza (27:36.424)
Ah yes, agreed.
 
Anne Ganguzza (27:47.145)
Well, thank you so much. Yes. Thank you so much, Gillian, for those words of wisdom. Absolutely. Bosses, take a moment and imagine a world full of passionate, empowered, diverse individuals giving collectively and intentionally to create the world they want to see. You can make a difference. Visit 100VoicesWhoCare.org to learn more.
 
Gillian (27:49.467)
Oh, thank you for having me.
 
Anne Ganguzza (28:10.111)
And I'm going to give a great big shout out to our sponsor, IPDTL. You too can network and connect like bosses. Find out more at IPDTL.com. You guys have an amazing week and we will see you next week. Thank you. Bye.